Volume 2 Chapter 11 Text Menu *VOLUME

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*XNAME is used to test for a compound name or compound name synonym taking account only of alphabetics.


Four search keywords are available for chemical name searching :

for searching the compound name field

for searching the compound name synonym field

for searching both the above fields

for searching both *COMPOUND and *SYNONYM but taking account only of alphabetic characters

Because of the lack of priority conventions for compound name and compound name synonym it is recommended that you do not use *COMPOUND or *SYNONYM.

You should always use *NAME or *XNAME.

CSD Contents

The chemical name used by the author is recorded in the CSD, provided that it is "reasonable". Otherwise a systematic name is provided, wherever possible.

In a few rare cases names of the type 'Lycopodium alkaloid' or 'Compound derived by condensation of X and Y' may be the sole identification.

Two fields are available for chemical names - compound name and compound name synonym.

Only about 7% of the CSD entries have compound name synonyms and these tend to be for drug molecules.

However it should be noted that there is no strict convention regarding which name is entered in the compound name field and which in the compound name synonym field.

Since chemical name searching is a text search it is important that you are aware of certain conventions used in the CSD :

The principal difficulty associated with chemical name searching is that a given substance can often be named in many ways, the alternatives being very similar or very different. One strategy which can be useful is, wherever possible, to break down the name into a number of 'roots', assign each root to a different search test and combine these tests to form the search question.

Special provisions have been made for searching for two classes of compounds:

(a) Amino-acids and Peptides

For amino-acids and peptides with basic class 48 the sequence of amino-acids is recorded in the SYNONYM field using 3-letter code symbols.

Details of how to search these sequences are discussed under *PEPTIDE and PEPTIDE-SEQ in Chapter 10.

(b) Oligonucleotides

At present the database contains over 100 bibliographic entries corresponding to published structures of oligonucleotides. Important details of these studies are recorded in the QUALIFIER field, including an indication, where appropriate, that the atomic coordinates are available from the CCDC. Until now these coordinates have not been incorporated in the database but are maintained separately.

The compound names of oligonucleotides are structured to assist searching. For example, a hexamer might be:

Oligo-6-mer d(C-G-A-T-C-G) plus daunomycin 57-hydrate.

In the COMPOUND field the name always starts with Oligo-n-mer where n indicates the number of residues.

Then follows the sequence, name of any complexed drug and an indication of the solvent content.

Graphics QUEST3D Procedure

Select *COMPOUND from the TEXT sub-menu and respond to the standard text prompts.

Basic QUEST Procedure

Ex.1 Find nickel acetylacetonate.

This compound name might be present in the CSD in a variety of forms :

Nickel acetylacetonate Nickel(ii) acetylacetonate

bis(Acetylacetonato) nickel(ii) bis(Pentane-2,4-dionato) nickel(ii)

QUES (T3.OR.T2) .AND. T1

Ex.2 Suppose we wish to find all chemical names containing the text string PREGNEN

In this example we will illustrate the use of *XNAM.

*XNAM automatically concatenates the compound name and compound name synonym fields, compresses this text by removing blank and non-alphabetic characters, and searches the resultant text.


This will register hits for names such as :

(a) 4-pregnene.....................
(b) pregn-4-en-20-yne..............
(c) pregn-5(10)-en.................
If we had used *NAME rather than *XNAME then hits would have been registered for (a) but not for (b) or (c).

Ex.3 Suppose you wish to find all oligonucleotide octamers

T1  *BCLA  .EQ.  47
QUES  T1 .and. T2

Related Bit Screens

Relevant database bit screens are


SCRE  68

This will register hits for all oligonucleotide entries.

When the search test involves chemical names QUEST automatically generates query screens by analysing the letter-pairs in the name.

eg. PREGNEN contains the letter-pairs PR RE EG GN NE EN yielding query screens 192 169 205 202 189 212

When combining two or more chemical name tests the longer should be tested first since the query screens become more powerful as the length of the text increases.

Related Keywords


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