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SRB 2.0.2 (See below for 2.0.1 and 2.0)


Released on May 1, 2003

The link http://www.sdsc.edu/srb/bugs.html gives a list of bugs fixed and features added in 2.0.2. They are:

1) In case the connection to a SQL database fails, the srbMaster may not log any message and then segfault.

2) Sls -C core dump.

3) Importing large file ( > 2 Gig Bytes) with Postgres MCAT fails.

4) Sbload failure to open SRB container in some cases.

5) Sbload cause the server with Postgres MCAT to core dump.

6) "Srmcont -a" does not work for postgres MCAT.

7) Srm of a filenames with underscores '_' does not work.

8) A problem with container associated with collection when it is full.

  When the container got full, a new container with the same name was 
  created, but the collection is still associated with the old container. 

9) Sls -r" does not work with Postgres MCAT.

10)Some additional checks for NULL when dealing with $HOME variable for the

  Solaris platform. 

11)When the path is too long and overflow the qval length of MAX_TOKEN (200).

12)Problem with using the Java Admin tool connecting to a non-mcat-enabled srb

  server to create a physical resource causing the resource path to be
  regisatered incorrectly.

13)Fatal SRB compilation errors under recently patched versions of Redhat

  Linux 8.0 or 9.0.

14)Improvement in mcatAdmin (Java Admin tool) to clarify what one should type

  in certain windows.

15)Building SRB with GSI support no longer requires a separate

  installation of the AID library and manual SRB GSI configuration. 

16)Fatal SRB compilation errors when building on AIX with MCAT.


SRB 2.0.1


Released on March 14, 2003

The link http://www.sdsc.edu/srb/bugs.html gives a list of bugs fixed and features added in 2.0.1. They are:

1) Problem building with Postgres or Sybase

2) New utility Sbunload to match Sbload

3) New utility Sbregister.

4) On Linux systems, Sbload and Sbunload will hang or segfault after an error

  condition. 

5) he GridPort interface to the SRB would fail because the SRB Scommands

  programs would die (either gracefully or segmentation fault) when faced
  with the situation of no $HOME variable (while looking for 
  $HOME/.srb/.MdasEnv and Auth files). 

6) Data transfers would fail on server systems with two sets of IP addresses

  (i.e. an internal and an external IP address). 

7) When a file is replicated and the first copy is deleted, the remaining

  copies become inaccessible

SRB 2.0


   Released on February 18 2003

Subject: [Announce] SRB version 2.0 is available

 (brief blurb here about what SRB is/does, pointers to websites,
 features, supported platforms, licensing, etc.  Don't forget to warn
 everyone that if they update their servers, they must update their
 clients and their MCAT database!)
 SYSTEM REQUIREMENTS
   Unix Platforms
 The following Unix variants are supported:
   * Linux Redhat 7.3, 32 and 64 bits
   * Solaris, 32 and 64 bits 
   * AIX
   * SGI
   * MAC - OSX
   Windows Platforms
 The following Microsoft Windows versions are supported:
   * Windows 2000
  The following databases are support for MCAT:
    DB2 Version 5,7
    Oracle 8i and 9i
    Sybase
    Postgres 7.3.2
 GETTING THE SRB SOFTWARE
   SRB source code is available to academic and government
   organizations in the United States.  Limited availability exists
   for other countries.  Contact srb@sdsc.edu or see
   http://www.sdsc.edu/srb for additional information.


This document provides additional details on the new enhancements made to SRB in release 2.0.0. An overview of these can be found in README.first.htm.

Additional Notes


1) "Server driven" parallel I/O - The "Server driven" parallel I/O scheme has been implemented throughout the SRB infrastructure. It uses the more efficient "mover" APIs and protocol to access HPSS resources. It is the preferred data transfer mechanism for data import, export, copy and replication.

The more efficient "server driven" parallel I/O scheme is replacing the "client driven" scheme used in the "srbpput" and "srbpget" utilities. "srbpput" and "srbpget" will be phased out eventually if "Sput" and "Sget" meet user's expectation.

With the "client driven" scheme, the client is the active partner which subdivides the file to be imported/exported into segments and spawns threads to handle the import/export of each segment in parallel. Each thread independently connects to the server through the normal client/server connection mechanism. So, in effect, the client is multi-threaded but the server involves multi processes.

With the "server driven" scheme, the server is the active partner. The client listens on a control socket for instructions from the servers. Upon receiving the client request, the server with the help of information from the MCAT, plans the execution of the import/export. Typically it sends data transfer instruction to the server where the import/export resource is located. The resource server then sub-divides the file to be imported into segments and spawns threads to handle the import of each segment in parallel. Each server thread independently connects to the client's control socket for data transfer. Both client and server are are multi-threaded with this scheme.

Advantages of the "server driven" scheme are:

a) The server has better access to MCAT information to plan optimum transfer strategy.

b) Data transfer is always directly between the resource server and client with no intermediate server in between.

c) It uses the more efficient "mover" APIs and protocol to access HPSS resources.

d) Both client and server are are multi-threaded which involves less overhead and consumes less resources than multi processes.

One possible problem with the "server driven" scheme is that the client machine may sit behind a security firewall that limits the ports that can be connected to the client. In this case, the firewall must allow at least a few ports to get through and the COMM_PORT_NUM_START and COMM_PORT_NUM_COUNT parameters in the mk/mk.config file can be configured to limit the range of ports used by the client. If this is not possible, the -s option should be used with Sput and Sget to force the I/O mode to serial.

The PARA_OPR flag in the mk/mk.config file can be used to switch on/off the "server driven" scheme. By default, this switch is on. For platforms such as Windows, OSX and BSD which do not support pthread, this parameter should be turned off.

By default, Sput and Sget use serial I/O while Sreplicate and Scp use the parallel I/O API for data operations. The -m option can be used with Sput and Sget to force the I/O mode to parallel.

Two new APIs - srbObjGet() and srbObjPut() have been created to support the "server driven" parallel I/O.

2) A Mass Storage System (MSS) implementation within SRB

The motivations for implementing a MSS in SRB are:

a) Cost of licensing commercial MSS such as HPSS

b) Efficiency and performance - A MSS system that is tightly integrated with the infrastructure of the SRB can take full advantage of SRB features such as the cache system, file replication and server directed parallel I/O.

c) Elimination of duplication of features - SRB and MSS such as HPSS provide some duplication of features such as disk cache, authentication system, etc.

Components of the MSS:

a) A new type of resource "compound resource" - A compound resource may be configured to contain a pool of cache resources and a tape resource. When a user creates a file using a compound resource, the object created becomes a "compound object". The actual data of a "compound object" may reside on cache or tape or both. Unlike the SRB replica, a "compound object" always appears as a single object even though there may be multiple copies of the data. It is a simple hierarchical system where data migrate automatically between cache and tape. Data is always staged on cache automatically whenever it is accessed and migrates to tape by the system admin when more cache space is needed.

b) A set of driver functions for basic tape I/O operations - a set of driver functions for basic tape I/O operations has been incorporated into the SRB server. These functions include mount, dismount, open, close, read, write, seek, etc. Currently, the driver has only been tested for 3590 tape drives. The TAPE_DRIVE flag in the mk/mk.config file can be used to switch on/off the tape drivers. By default, this switch is off.

c) A tape library server - A tape library server for the STK silo running ACSLS software has been incorporated into the SRB system. Its primary function is to schedule and perform the mounting and dismounting of tapes. It uses the same authentication system and server framework as other SRB servers. The tape library server will be a binary release only since it uses StorageTek's CSC Developer's Toolkit which requires software licensing for any source access to software written with the Toolkit.

d) A set of tape and cache management utilities.

inittape - Label a tape and register the tape with the MCAT. lstape - List the tapes and their associated meta data in MCAT. tapemeta - Modify the metadata of a tape that has been registered with MCAT. dumptape - Dump and purge files in the cache system to tape.

e) A set of tape and cache management APIs. These are all privileged calls.

srbTapelibMntCart() - Request the Tape Library server to mount a tape. srbTapelibDismntCart() Request the Tape Library server to dismount a tape. srbGetTapeCartPri() - Get the priorities for each tape type depending on the availability of tape drives. srbDumpFileList() - Dump a list of files to tape. srbStageCompObj() - Stage a compound Object from tape to cache.

f) A set of APIs that deal with compound object metadata. These are all privileged calls. Raja did the internal MCAT calls.

srbRegInternalCompObj() - register an internal compound object. srbRmIntCompObj() - unregister an internal compound objects. srbModInternalCompObj - Modify the metadata of an internal comp object. srbRmCompObj() - unregister a compound object.


3) A new command "Sbload" to imports in bulk one or more local files and/or directories into SRB space. It is similar in functionality to "Sput" but designed to greatly improve the efficiency of ingesting a large number of small files by a) registering up to several hundreds files with MCAT with a single call instead of the normal mode of registering one file at a time and b) use of separate threads for registration and data transfer.

A new API - srbBulkRegister() was created to enable the registration of several hundred files with one call.

A "Sbunload" which is the counterpart of "Sbload" will be implemented if time permits.

4) Replica synchronization - Copies of replica can modified individually and the replica of an object can be out of sync. Now, the most recently modified copy will be marked as "dirty".

A new command - "Ssyncd" and API - srbSyncData() has been created to synchronize all copies (replica) of an SRB object with the dirty copy. A "%" character to the left of the file name of a "Sls -l" output indicates the given copy is "dirty".

5) The handling of storing data objects in a logical resource consisting of multiple physical resources has been slightly modified. Previously (version 1.1.8), when a data object is created in a logical resource consisting of multiple physical resources, the data object is automatically replicated to all the physical resources in the group by default. In order to support the idea of using multiple SRB bricks (Linux PC with 1 TBytes of disk space) to create logically a single very large disk cache, only a single copy will be created in one of the resource in the group chosen randomly. If a copy is required for each physical resources, the -a option of Sput, Scp and Ssyncd should be used.

6) 64 bits addressing platform - The SRB software has been ported to the 64 bits address platform of Linux and Solaris. The software has been tested for the client and non-MCAT-enabled server configurations. Currently, since we have no license for any 64-bits DBMS, the MCAT-enabled server configuration cannot be tested.

The ADDR_64BIT flag in the mk/mk.config file can be used to switch on/off the 64 bits addressing. By default, this switch is off.

7) Enhancement to handle family of containers - When a container is full, the SRB server automatically renames the full container "myContainer" to "myContainer.NNNN" where NNNN is a random integer number. The server then creates an empty container with the original container name "myContainer" so that the client can continue to put data into the same container without worrying about it getting full. In effect, this scheme creates a family of containers without the explicit knowledge of the owner.

The -a option has been added to the "Ssyncont" and "Srmcont" commands to synchronize and remove, respectively, all containers in the family.

8) Miscellaneous Scommand enhencements :

 Scp
   New options:

-v - Verbose mode to print out file size and transfer rate.

   Enhanced options:

-a - If the target object does not exist and the target resource is a logical resource consisting of more than one resources, then make a copy in each resources. If the target object exists, force copying all replica of the target object.

 Sget
   New options:
       -m - multi-threaded parallel I/O mode.
       -s - serial I/O mode.
       -v - Verbose mode to print out file size and transfer rate.
 Sls
   New options:

-a - list metaData associated with each file and collection. -C - list the access control list (ACL) of each file and collection.

 Sput
   New options:
       -m - multi-threaded parallel I/O mode.
       -s - serial I/O mode.
       -v - Verbose mode to print out file size and transfer rate.
   Enhenced options:
       -a - If  the  target  object does not exist and the target resource
       is a logical resource consisting of more than one resources, then
       make a copy in each resources. If the target object exists, force
       copying all replica of the target object.
 Sreplicate
   New options:
       -v - Verbose mode to print out file size and transfer rate.
 Srmcont
   New options:

-a - Delete all containers in a container family.

 Ssycont
   New options:

-a - Synchronize all containers in a container family.

 Smeta
   works as advertised :-)

New Scommands:

   Sbload and Ssyncd

9. Miscellaneous inQ Enhancements:

  context (right-click) menues have been enabled for right-hand windows
  when you double click on an icon in the lower-right hand window it opens
     the file as expectced.  Known Bug: long pause after double-clicking 
     icons in lower-right hand window to open the file.
  metadata window streamlined to be more user-friendly.

10. Miscellaneous MySRB Enhancements:

    more features have been added. These include metadata copy, extraction
    of metadata function, different types of object support, etc.


11. MCAT Enhancements

 There are several new features addaed to the MCAT module in the SRB.
 These include new databases which can be used to run the MCAT as well as
 changes that provide new capabilities for the MCAT.These new capabilities 
 can be categorized as follows:
 
A. Porting of MCAT to new database systems:
     1. Porting of the MCAT to Sybase  database. This will also 
         enable use with SQLServer since they share API.
     2. Porting of the MCAT to Postgres database. A porting to Informix 
         will be released in the next few patches.
B. Improvements to System-level Metadata Functionality
   1. Access Control for metadata.
   2. Softlinking of srbObjects to another collection  
   3. Streamlined Auditing Functionality
   4. Locking and Hiding of  srbObjects
   5. Compound Resource and Compound Object Support
   6. Bulk Ingestion of Files Support
   7. Bulk Access Control Function over all Objects in Collecions
   8. Delete All from Container
   9. New Miscellaneaous Metadata attributes
        Collection Ownership and creation-time metadata.
        srbObject checksum, encryption-type, compression-type.
        srbObject Pinning, Expiration
        srbObject Version Number, Segment Number    
C. Improvements to User-defined Metadat Functionality
   1. Metadata Extraction Functionality 
   2. Copy Functionality for Metadata and Annotations
   3. Additional Query Capability for user-defined metadata
   4. Annotations for Collections
   5. User-defined Metadata for Resources and Users
D. Administrative Support
   1. Client-side Java GUI for MCAT Administration
   2. Client exposure to Administrative APIs for Admin GUI
   3. New Admin Functionality for remove: users, resources, locations,domains.

We explain each of these in some detail below:

A. MCAT Ports
A.1  Porting of MCAT to Sybase:
  The MCAT software has been ported to run its database on Sybase. The 
  functionality is the same as that of Oracle and DB2 based MCAT systems.
  There were certain features which were not natively supported by
  Sybase such as synonyms and aliases. These were done by defining views.
  Because of this there might be some slowing down of the MCAT when
  using the Sybase MCAT. In our normal testing, we haven't found any
  performance degradation, but we suspect that with larger tables there
  might be some slowing down which is not noticed in Oracle or DB2. We
  haven't done much tunability experiments with Sybase MCAT. We plan to
  do that in the near future when required by our user base. The Sybase
  port was done in such a way that one can use the same port for use with
  SQLServer. Even though we haven't tested this feature, we believe that
  it should be straightforward to use the MCAT with SQLserver using the
  Sybase port. More details on Sybase can be found in 
  http://www.sybase.com/home
A.2  Porting of MCAT to Postgres:
  Due to popular demand for MCAT on a free database, we have ported the
  MCAT to run on Postgres. Postges is a freeware available from
  http://www.postgresql.com/ and runs on multiple platforms including
  Linux, Solaris, Win32 and xBSD. Postgres is a full-fledged SQL
  providing transaction-level support and is fully ACID compliance and 
  ANSI SQL compliance. The porting was done by Matt Clark of Aerospace Corp.
  and was tested by the SRB group. The Postgres port is based on ODBC 
  API and hence talks through ODBC with the Postgres database. Hence, this
  port can be used for other ODBC-enabled databases also. (Note: we haven't
  tested the port with other ODB-enabled databases). The Postgres port
  provides full MCAT functionality. More information about Postgres and 
  how to download and install the database can be found at 
  http://www.postgresql.com/.
B. Improvements to System-level Metadata Functionality
  Several additions and improvements have been made in the way MCAT handles
  core system-level metadata. Some of the functionalities have been 
  stream-lined or improved to proved bulk operations. Bugs uncovered
  over the past year or so in the version 1.1.8 have been corrected. 
B.1. Access Control for metadata.
  This functionality allows owners and co-owners of srbObjects and SRB
  collections to control access to associated system-level and user-defined 
  metadata that are stored in the MCAT.  In pervious versions of the SRB, the
  user was able to access control only the collections and the srbObjects
  but not the associated metadata. because of this every user was able to
  see the collection listing (say through Sls) as well as view and
  query user-defined metadata. This was unacceptable to many user communities
  and a requirement to show metadata based on access permission was 
  delivered to the SRB developers. This functionality is due to that
  requirement. 
  The access permissions for the metadata is inherited from the access 
  permissions of the accosiated srbObject or collection. A user will 
  be able to see the metadata only if he/she has 'read' permission. 
  As in earlier versions, a user can write/modify system-level metadata 
  only if they have ownership and a user can write/modify user-defined 
  metadata only if they have 'write' permission. 
  The access control for metadata is made into an option which can be
  turned on or of at compile time. This is because, this level of control
  has some impact on the MCAT operation when user is accessing metadata.
  Many communities may not want this additional impact when they have
  no objection for everyone to see metadata.  The option that turns this
  on and off is  called the MDATAACCS. By default this option is turned OFF.
B.2. Softlinking of srbObjects to another collection  
  This feature allows users to link their srbObject into a new Collection.
  In this mannat, a srbObject which is located in a Collection can be
  linked to one or more other collections. When this linking is done, no new
  physical copy of the srbObject is made (as done by the Scp copy operation).
  The new linked object can have its own user-defined metadata and 
  annotations. But it shares the system-level metadata from the original copy.
  Hence access-control for this linked object is still with that of the
  original srbObject. None of the user-defined metadata  are copied from 
  the original to the linking copy. A user can copy the metadata if they wish
  using the copy-metadata functionality discussed below. To link an srbObject
  the user should have atleast a 'read' permission for the original object 
  and at leasta 'write' permission in the collection they are placing the 
  the link. The linked object will be visible through an Sls call in the new
  collection. Linking of a collection will be done in the next few patches.
  Linking of containers  will not link the underlying files. One needs to
  link individual files in order to achieve this effect.
B.3. Streamlined Auditing Functionality
  The auditing functionality that is present in the Versions 1.1.8 and older
  are being phased out and a new type of auditing functionality is being
  introduced. This is to make the auditing to be of minimal overhead for
  many of the operations. The auditing level is controlled using
  environmental variable (AUDIT_LEVEL). By default AUDIT_LEVEL is 0
  and no auditing is performed. When the AUDIT_LEVEL is set to 1 then
  operations on all datasets by any user gets audited and is written to
  special audit tables in the MCAT. Users can use SgetD to view audit
  information for datasets that they own. Auditing is done not only
  on operations of datasets but also for operations on collections, 
  containers,  resources and users. In later releases, we plan to introduce 
  additional levels of auditing that may perform finer levels of auditing.
  Auditing is controlled using the runsrb script. So, a srbAdmin can
  turn on or off the auditing capability by stopping and restarting SRB after
  modifying the runsrb script. There is no necessity for recompiling
  the SRB for enabling/disabling auditing.
B.4. Locking and Hiding of  srbObjects
  These two functionalities provide controlling of access to srbObjects
  on top of the access control lists and tickets. A owner can lock a 
  srbObject using the SmodD command and following that user (including
  owners) access is disabled srbObject depending upon the types of
  lock that is applied. There are two types of lock that are provided.
  'read' lock will read operations and 'all' lock will allow no
  operations (note that this is different in semantics from database-type
  locks). When locking a user has to associate a time-stamp with the lock.
  This timestamp provides the expiry date/time for the lock after
  which the lock is invalid. When a lock is expired any one with a write
  permission can release the lock. But when the lock is still alive only the
  lock owner (not the dataset owner) can release the lock. The lock
  only controls access to the srbObject and has no affect on the metadata 
  for the srbObject.  Hence reads, writes and modifies to the srbObject 
  is still allowed. There are no collection-level lock in the current version.
  Lock is useful when one has created and modified a srbObject and is
  reasonably sure that the object will not be modified. Then locking will
  ensure that the file is not modified inadvertantly. 
  
  Hiding a srbObject will make the object and its metadata 'disappear'
  from a users view. A hidden object seems as though it is deleted but
  it is still in the SRB and all its metadata are still stored. A hidden 
  object can be unhidden and then it will become visible to users who
  are allowed to view it or its metadata. The hide and unhide operations 
  can be performed using SmodD. Since a hidden object is 'invisible' to
  everyone, it is not seen by anyone including its owner when using Sls. 
  A new option in  SgetD allows owners to list all hidden objects in a
  collection. Another important point to remembr is that though the object
  is hidden it is still in the SRB and MCAT. Hence any attempt to create
  another object with the same name in the same collection will be 
  disallowed. Hiding objects will be very useful when you want to take 
  an object out of circulation but do not want to delete it from the 
  collection. Hiding a container will not hide its objects. One need to
  hide individual object to achieve this effect.  
  SgetD with various options can be used to check various system metadata
  about data files  and  SmodD is useful for checking them.
  The following shows a few of the options and how they can be viewed.
  SgetD -f:
    parameter shown with SgetD    how to set
    - dpin                          SmodD -P
    - dexpire_date_1                SmodD -x
    - dexpire_date_2                SmodD -X
    - dccompressed                  SmodD -z
    - dencrypted                    SmodD -y
  SgetD -e:
    - access_constraint             SmodD -L
    - dchekcsum                     SmodD -k
    - dhide                         SmodD -H
 B.5. Compound Resource and Compound Object Support
  MCAT has been augmented to deal with compund resources and compound 
  objects. New APIs as well as data structures and tables have been
  included in this version for supporting the compound resource 
  aspects of SRB. 
B.6. Bulk Ingestion of Files Support
  This feature allows for bulk ingestion of files (directories of files)
  into a container. When this container is created, the directory structure
  gets translated into collections and sub-collections with files
  associated as srbObjects in these collection hierarchy. The building
  of this collection hierarchy is done using a bulk-load operation in the 
  MCAT. For more information on the bulk load capability of SRB, please refer
  to the man pages for Sbload command.
B.7. Bulk Access Control API Function over all Objects in Collecions
  This functionality provides a means to provide permission to a user or a 
  user group for all srbObjects in a collection using a single API. In 
  previous versions of the SRB, this operation was done at per srbObject
  basis. Bulk access control will also work on collections in a recursive
  manner by performing the acces permission delegation to all 
  sub-collections as well as to their descendents. Hence this is not a new
  functionality but an enhancement (speeding up) of existing function call.
B.8. Delete All from Container API
  This is another functionality that helps in speeding up already existing
  operation. In previous versions, deletion of srbObjects in a ccontainer
  was done at a per object basis which was very slow. With the current
  enhancement, one can delete all objects froma  container using a single API
  call. 
B.9. New Miscellaneaous Metadata attributes
  In order to increase the utility of the SRB system new attributes 
  have been added to those already in the core schema. A new set of
  attributes holding the owner of a collection as well as its creation 
  timestamps have been included. This allows not only for providing this
  information, but also helps in access control functions. 
  At the srbObject level several new attributes have been added. The checksum
  is probably the most important one and allows the user to store and 
  retrieve checksums of srbObjects. Hence, the integrity of any srbObject
  can be checked using the checksum. 
  Two other new attributes store information about the 
  encryption and compression (if any) of a srbObject. These attributes
  are basically character strings and can store any information 
  regarding these operations. A suggestion is to store the methods of
  encryption (eg. RSA64bit) or comression (eg. Lempel-Ziv) that are performed
  on the object and this will provide a hint to the client application
  that it needs to post process the data after it has retrieved from the SRB
  or enable the SRB to apply appropriate proxy operations before sending 
  the data to the client. 
  Another new feature added is a set of attributes that enable pinning of 
  replicas of a srbObject to their current physical location. Pinning of a
  copy of a srbObject to a particular place might be needed when one
  needs a file in a place for some operation in the near future (so that
  its access can be fast) and wants to prevent it from being purgd by some
  administrative daemon which does cache management using LRU type schemes.
  Pinning is not enforced by SRB by itself but can be used by such daemon 
  which are doing cache management on a local file system. Obviously
  there is some chnace that this can be abused by the users who might
  pin every one of their files; but in such a case, one can view these as
  non-mandatory pinning and a higher logic will be applied to remove
  even pined files. Hopefully, in a cooperative situation, pinning can
  ideally be used for improving data access performance by using
  judicious data placements. Pinning has an expiry timestamp associated
  with it, after which the pin becomes invalid. The owner of the pin
  can at an time unpin the srbObject.
  Two other attributes that are useful for storage recalamation are also
  added in the new version: expiration_date, expiration_date_2. The
  second attribute can be viewed as providing a timestamp after which the 
  srbObject can be put into archival storage and all its cache copies can 
  be removed. The first expiration timestamp can be used as a time when the
  srbObject can be removed completely from the SRB system. These are very
  useful when one has intermediate results that one would like to have for
  some time but want it to be automatically purged after some time. These
  are also useful for digital library management where one would like to
  purge from active disks collections of files after some time period.
  Two other atributes that are added are useful for SRB itself. One is the
  Segment number which store the segment number of a srbObject that
  is split into more than one piece and stored as individual files. The
  SRB can chain these segments and provide a contiguous piece back to the
  users. This is helpful when the file size is too large to be held in a 
  particular file system. Refer to the section on MSS for additional details
  how the segmentation is used. The other attribute is called the version
  number and can store the version number of a srbObject. AT the current time
  this is not utilized by any of the API or Scommands. In the near future
  we plan to provide a simple versioning capability in the SRB and will
  utilize this attribute.
C. Improvements to User-defined Metadata Functionality
  SRB Version 2.0.0 has a few extensions to the user-definable
  metadata capability of the SRB. These range from entirely new set
  of user-defined attrbute sets to additional querying functionality to
  metadata ingestion assistance.
C.1. Metadata Extraction Functionality 
  This facility allows a user to define a method for extracting metadata
  from a srbObject and assobciating them to a (possibly different) srbObject
  at the SRB server level. For example, if one has stored a DICOM image
  in SRB, then one can extract the metadata from this image file and
  associate the elements as user-defined metadata for the DICOM image.
  This will allow susers to query on the fields of the DICOM  attribute
  schema and discover images of their interest. In order to do this,
  a user associates a style-sheet type program written in the T-language
  and registers this as a srbObject with user-defined metadata for this
  T-language template stating that it is a metadata extraction method
  for DICOM image data type. One can associate more than one method to
  a data type as well as associate the same template for more than one
  data type. Once this is done, for any DICOM image file, the one can 
  invoke the metadata extraction function and then the metadata will
  be extracted from a source file and associated with the target
  DICOM  file. Note that the metadata extraction can be done on one srbObject
  and the resulting metadata assciated with another file. This is 
  needed because in many cases, one may store metadata in an XML file.
C.2. Copy Functionality for Metadata and Annotations
  This feature allows a user to copy metadata from one srbObject
  or collection and associate them with another srbObject or collection.
  Any old metadata that is associated with the target srbObject or
  collection is not deleted. The user prforming the copy should have 
  at least 'read' permission for the source  and should have
  at least 'write' permission for the target. Note that copying from
  a srbObject to a collection and vice versa is allowed. 
  This functionality is also provided for annotations where one
  can copy annotation from a srbObject to another srbObject.
  Copying of annotations to and from collections will be provided in later
  patches.
C.3. Additional Query Capability for user-defined metadata
  In version 1.1.8, one can query user-defined metadata only using
  a single attribute at a time. This, though useful, was extremely
  time consuming and can lead to lot of post processing. In order to
  alleviate this difficulty, this version has been enhanced to
  query upto five metadata attributes at a ime. Our user requirements 
  seem that five is enough for the present. If there is a necessity for
  any project to query more than five attributes, the SRB developers will
  accomodate that request. The five attributes are queried conjunctively 
  (i.e., using the AND operation). In the near future, we plan to release
  where one can have a choice of conjunction or inclusive disjunction
  in their queries. 
C.4. Annotations for Collections
  As per user request, we have added functionality where one can annotate
  collections also. The operation is similar to that provided in 
  version 1.1.8 for srbObjects.
C.5. User-defined Metadata for Resources and Users
  A new set of attributes have been defined for storing user-defined
  metadata for resources and users. This will allow one to store
  arbitarary metadata for resources and users. These will be very useful 
  for administrative purposes as well as for SRB data access purposes.
  For a resource, one can store information about its current load, 
  delay, down time, preventive maintenance schedules, and other
  operational characteristics. For users, one can store their profile
  information and information regarding their usage model and such.
  At the current time, these metadata attributes are not used by the SRB 
  system. In the near future, we plan to use them to provide additional
  functionalities.
D. Administrative Support
  Improvements have been made in MCAT adminsitration. One of the main
  change is that the administartion of MCAT can be done from the client
  side (as opposed to server-side admin tools available with version 1.1.8).
  
D.1. Client-side Java GUI for MCAT Administration
  The Java tool for MCAT/SRB administration has been enhanced and 
  has been made to operate from the client-side. This will allow
  one to administer SRB for registering users, resources, etc from
  any Java-capable system. In version 1.1.8, administration was tied
  to the system that ran the MCAT.  More information about the new
  administration Java GUI can be found in README.MCAT.ADMIN.
D.2. Client exposure to Administrative APIs for Admin GUI
  The development of the client-side GUI for SRB/MCAT administration
  required that these APIs, which were previously available only on
  MCAT-enabled servers, be available at the client-side. In version
  2.0.0, all adminsitration APIs are available at the client-side.   
  See web/SRB.htm for more information.
D.3. New Admin Functionality for remove: users, resources, locations,domains.
  SRB version 1.1.8 had capabilities for registering entities such as users 
  and resources but lacked any means for deleting them. In version 2.0.0, we
  have alleviated this difficulty. The new Java Admin GUI  can be used 
  to delete users and resources. The deletion will go through only if
  no associated references are there for the entity being deleted. For
  example, if one is deleting a user, then no srbObjects or collections
  should be associated with that user. Such checks are automatically 
  performed and a deletion is allowed only if all conditions are
  satisfactory.