Chapter Three. Planning for the Server


Ingredients:

· Intended Audience
· Services to Support
· Information Types to Support
· Information Management Tools to Support

· Available Resources

Take a liberal amount of your intended audience and the services you think they are likely to need. You can't be too generous here - you will never anticipate everyone's needs and how they will individually gobble up a good supply of information. Choose server software that can provide for this intended audience and add two other major ingredients: software for reading, writing, and filtering all the anticipated information types and sufficient resources, both hardware and human. Mix these ingredients together and you have a good plan in the making, with little chance of ending up with anything half-baked!


Table 3-1 Enhanced ftp Servers


Locationftp Servers
ftp://gatekeeper.dec.com/-
pub/DEC/gwtools/ftpd.tar.Z
DECwrl ftp
http://wuarchive.wustl.edu/-
packages/wuarchive-ftpd/
wu-ftp, Washington University ftp server


Table 3-2 Mail Information Servers


LocationMail Information Servers
ftp://ftp.uu.net/published/oreilly/-
nutshell/miis/miis.9412.tar.Z
canned_reply
ftp://ftp.sterling.com/mail/ftpmail Ftpmail


Table 3-3 Popular Listservers


LocationListservers
http://www.lsoft.com/listserv.html LISTSERV
http://www.cren.net/www/-
listproc/description.html
CREN's ListProc
ftp://ftp.greatcircle.com/pub/majordomo Majordomo
ftp://ftp.informatik.rwth-aachen.de/-
pub/packages/procmail/-
SmartList.tar.gz
SmartList


Table 3-4 Popular Web Servers


LocationWeb (http) Server
http://www.apache.org/apache Appache HTTP
http://wsk.eit.com/wsk/doc/ EIT Webmasters Starter Kit
http://hopf.math.nwu.edu/ gn from John Franks
http://www.w3.org/hypertext/-
WWW/daemon/Status.html
httpd from CERN
ftp://ftp.ncsa.uiuc.edu/Web/httpd
http
://hoohoo.ncsa.uiuc.edu/docs
httpd from NCSA
http://www.netscape.com/-
comprod/netscape_commun.html
Netscape
http://openmarket.com Webserver from Open Market
http://www.bsdi.com/server.doc/plexus.html Plexus from Tony Sanders at BSDI
http://hopf.math.nwu.edu wn from John Franks

Discussions and lists of Web servers:


Table 3-5 Common Information Types


Information TypeDescription Typical UNIX File Extensions
TextAny ASCII characters .txt, .doc, .java, .c
Tar Files and (optionally) directories of files represented as a single file created with the UNIX tar command .tar
Compressed Any file which has been compressed, typically with the UNIX compress and gzip commands .Z (compress) .

.gz (gzip)

Binary Bit-based data representation; may be architecture specific or neutral .obj , .exe, .class
Sound Contains digitized sound .snd, .au, .wav
Images and graphics Pixel-based representation .gif, .tif, .jpg, .pict, .pcx
MoviesA series of images .mpeg, .mov, .moo
HyperText Markup

Language

Text containing markup recognized by Web browsers .html, .htm, .shtml
TeXText containing markup recognized by the TeX or LaTeX programs .tex
TeXIntermediate file processed by Tex .dvi
PostScriptText and/or graphics in Adobe PostScript format .ps, .eps
Rich Text Format (RTF) Text interchange format developed by Microsoft .rtf
Mail filesFiles recognized by the UNIX mailer; may have been uuencoded
man pages

(troff/roff/nroff)

UNIX manual pages recognized by the UNIX troff, nroff and roff commands .1, .2, .3 etc.


Table 3-6 Compression Ratios for compress and gzip Given Various File Types


File Type
compress
gzip
Postscript file
6.25
9.55
binary file
2.93
4.25
tar file
2.87
3.78


Table 3-7 Common Sound Formats


NameFile Extension Description
AIFF.aif, .aiff Silicon Graphics IRIX produced
.voc SoundBlaster prouced
HCOMnone Macintosh produced
IFF/8SVX.iff Amiga produced
.mod, .nst Another Amiga format
WAVE.wav Microsoft Windows produced
-law.au, .snd NeXT and Sun produced
none.snd Macintosh produced

For a more detailed discussion of sound formats, see http://www.cis.ohiostate.edu/hypertext/faq/usenet/audio-fmts/part1/faq.html.

You can read more about transparent images at the URL http://www.cowan.edu.au/ecawa/mbooka/giftrans.txt.

For further details on these and other graphics formats, see:
http://www.cis.ohio-state.edu/hypertext/faq/usenet/graphics/utilities-faq/faq.html

http://www.cis.ohio-state.edu/hypertext/faq/usenet/graphics/faq/faq.html

For further information on movie formats, see:

http://www.det.mun.ca/staff/gporter/mmfaq.htm

http://www.ski.mskcc.org/browserwatch/browsers.html

http://www.browserwatch.com/


Table 3-8 Popular Web Browsers


LocationHTML Browsers
ftp://moose.cs.indiana.edu/pub/elisp/w3/ Emacs WWW Browser
http://www.spyglass.com/index.html Enhanced Mosaic
http://java.sun.com/ HotJava
ftp://ftp2.cc.ukans.edu/pub/lynx Lynx
http://www.midas.slac.stanford.edu/
midasv22/-introduction.html
MidasWWW
ftp://ftp.ncsa.uiuc.edu/Mosaic Mosaic
http://www.netscape.com.home/welcome.html Netscape Navigator
ftp://info.cern.ch/pub/www/bin/next/ NeXT
ftp://archive.cis.ohio-
state.edu/pub/w3browser/
perlWWW
http://www.commerce.net/software.Smosaic Secure Mosaic
http://info.cern.ch/hypertext/-
WWW/TkWWW/Status.html
TkWWW Browser Editor
ftp://ftp.ora.com/pub/www/viola/ ViolaWWW

If you are a novice and unsure how to proceed, I would suggest you follow the crowd, as defined by the URLs:

http://www.gakit.caltech.edu/~ta/browsers/browsers.html
http://www.netaxs.com/~jayfar/sursays.html


Table 3-9 VRML Browsers


LocationDescription
http://www.lightside.com/~dani/cgi/
VRMLindex.html#browsers
Browsers arranged by hardware platform and version of UNIX.
http://www.sdsc.edu/SDSC/
Partners/vrml/software/browsers.html
Comprehensive list of browsers with a summary of features and version compliance information.




Table 3-10 Common Graphics Viewers, Editors, and Players


LocationViewers, Editors and Players
DVI Viewers
ftp://export.lcs.mit.edu/contrib/ xdvi
http://gopher.awis.auburn.edu:70/
1/monthly/gifviewers/
GIF Viewers
ftp://ftp.cis.upenn.edu/pub/xv xv
http://www.cis.ohio-
state.edu/hypertext/faq/usenet/jpeg-
faq/part2/faq-doc-3.html
JPEG Viewers
ftp://ftp.x.org/contrib/
applications/ImageMagick/
ImageMagick-3.7.1.tar.gz
Image Magick
ftp://ftp.uu.net.graphics/jpeg/
jpegsrc.v5b.tar.gz
JPEG Player
ftp://ftp.cs.umn.edu/packages/
X11/R5contrib/
xloadimage
ftp://ftp.cis.upenn.edu/pub/xv xv
Postscript Viewers
ftp://ftp.cs.wisc.edu/pub/ghost Ghostscript
ftp://ftp.cis.upenn.edu/pub/xv xv
http://www.cs.brown.edu/fun/bawp/
sound_utilities.html#unix
Audio Players
http://www.btg.com/FedWeb/archives.htm XPlayGizmo

MPEG Players
ftp://ftp.cs.columbia.edu/archives/
X11R6/contrib/applications
MpegPlay
ftp://ftp.iuma.com/audio_utils/ Variety of MPEG players.
http://www.geom.umn.edu/docs/
mpeg_play/mpeg_play.html
Mpeg Player/MI
http://www-dsed.llnl.gov/documents/tests/
tiff.html
TIFF Viewers
ftp://ftp.cs.umn.edu/packages/
X11/R5contrib/
xloadimage
ftp://ftp.cis.upenn.edu/pub/xv xv
ftp://ftp.cs.umn.edu/packages/
X11/R5contrib/
xpaint


Table 3-11 Reviews of Viewers, Editors, and Players


LocationDescription
http://cwsapps.cu-online.com/video.html Review of the major multimedia players.
http://www2.ncsu.edu/bae/people/
faculty/walker/hotlist/graphics.html
Comprehensive list with pointers to related information such as descriptions of graphics formats.
http://documents.cfar.umd.edu/
imageproc/improc.html
Includes pointers to some image processing tools not indicated at the other locations.



Table 3-12 Lists of HTML-based Filters


LocationDescription
http://www.w3.org/hypertext/WWW/
Tools/Filters.html.
List of HTML-based filters.
http://www.yahoo.com/
Computers_and_Internet/Internet/
World_Wide_Web/HTML_Converters/
Shareware_Freeware/
List of HTML-based filters.


Table 3-13 Common Text and Graphics Filters


LocationInformation Type/Filter
Word Processing
http://www.seas.upenn.edu/~meng
wong/txt2html
ASCII TEXT to HTML
http://www.research.att.com/biblio.html

ftp://gaia.cs.umass.edu/pub/hgshulz/
windex-1.2.tar.Z

BibTeX to HTML
ftp://ftp.cranfield.ac.uk/source/
info-tools/WWW/decw2html
DECwrite to HTML
http://goya.ucs.ed.ac.uk/General/
epoch.html
Emacs to HTML
ftp://ftp.nta.no/pub/ Frame2html
http://info.cern.ch/hypertext/
WWW/Tools/il2html.html

http://info.cern.ch/hypertext/
WWW/Tools/interleaf.html

Interleaf to HTML
http://cb1.leeds.ac.uk/nikos/
tex2html/doc/latex2html/latex2html.html
LaTeX to HTML
http://stasi.bradley.edu/ftp/pub/
ps2html/ps2html-v2.html
PostScript to HTML
ftp://ftp:.cray.com/src/WWWstuff/RTF/
rtftohtml_overview.html
RTF to HTML
ftp://skye.aiai.ed.ac.uk/pub/tex2rtf TeX to RTF
http://asis01.cern.ch/infohtml/
texi2html.html
Texinfo to HTML
http://cui_www.unige.ch/ftp/
PUBLIC/oscar/scripts/ms2html
Troff to HTML
http://www.research.digital.com/
nsl/publications/TN-12.html
Scribe to HTML
http://207.68.137.43:80/
msword/internet/ia/
Word to HTML (Internet Assistant)
Computer Languages
http://www.w3.org/hypertext/
WWW/Tools/ctohtml.txt
C to HTML
http://www.atd.ucar.edu/jva/
c++2html.html
C++ to HTML
http://vscrna.cern.ch/floppy/contents.html Fortran to HTML
http://www.cs.purdue.edu/homes/
young/software/src2www.html
Source to HTML
UNIX Mail Files to HTML
http://www.connect.org.uk/
techwatch/archive/unix/WWW/
MHonArc-1.0.jpg.html
MHonArc
ftp://ftp.uci.edu/pub/dtd2html Mail to HTML
Miscellaneous Text
ftp://ftp.uci.edu/pub/dtd2html Hotlist to HTML
http://www.tile.net/tile/info/index.html Lotus Notes to HTML
http://www.stuff.com/~bcutter/
home/programs/bbc_man2html.html
man pages to HTML
Graphics
ftp://ftp.cis.upenn.edu/pub/xv xv


Table 3-14 Lists of HTML Editors


LocationDescription
http://204.91.49.11/hteds.htm Contains a brief review of each editor with good features and shortcoming indicated.
http://www.ccs.org/htmledit/
index.html#Overview
Contains scores for each editor and a feature table.
http://sdg.ncsa.uiuc.edu/~mag/work/
HTMLEditors/unixlist.html
Useful list of UNIX editors.



Table 3-15 Common HTML Editors


LocationHTML Editors
ftp://ftp.cs.rpi.edu/pub/puninj/
ASHE/README.html
Ashe
cwerner@ileaf.com Cyberleaf
ftp://ftp.ncsa.uiuc.edu/Web/html/
elisp/htmp-mode.el
Emacs (in HTML mode)
http://info.cern.ch/hypertext/WWW/Frame/

http://ww1.cern.ch/Webmaker/
WEBMAKER.html

ftp://bang.nta.no/pub

ftp://ftp.alumni.caltech.edu/pub/
mcbeath/web/miftran

FrameMaker templates
http://www.tools.gnn.com/press-index.html GNNpress
http://web.cs.city.ac.uk/homes/
njw/htmltext/htmltext.html
htmltext
ftp://ftp.ncsa.uiuc.edu/Web/html/hotmetal HoTMetaL
ftp://space.mit.edu/pub/davis/jed/ jed
http://www.bsd.uchicago.edu/ftp/
pub/phoenix/README.html
Phoenix
http://www.grif/fr/ Symposia
http://sdg.ncsa.uiuc.edu/~mag/
work/HTMLEditors/unixlist.html
tkHTML
http://www.math.fuberlin.de/~guckes/vim/ Vim


Table 3-16 Common Search Tools


LocationSearch Tools
http://harvest.cs.colorado.edu/ Harvest
http://glimpse.cs.arizona.edu:1994/ Glimpse
ftp://ftp.cnidr.org/pub/NIDR.tools/
freeWAIS-0.202.tar.Z

ftp://think.com/wais/
wais-corporate-paper.text

WAIS distribution

WAIS overview