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Converting Biomass to Ethanol

To improve the efficiency of biomass conversion to ethanol for cheap and clean energy, an SDSC Strategic Applications Collaboration with the DOE National Renewable Energy Laboratory, The Scripps Research Institute, Cornell University, and Penn State scaled up the widely-used CHARMM community code to enable the first-ever modeling of the large enzyme-substrate-water complex on SDSC's DataStar and TeraGrid supercomputers. Artist's rendering shows the large translucent enzyme cellulase, resembling a dinosaur, pulling up strands of cellulose, digesting them, and emitting them as smaller pieces of sugar.
Credit: M. Himmel, NREL, DOE Biomass Program.
Source: San Diego Supercomputer Center, UC San Diego

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