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*SURNAME is used to test for an author's surname.
An author's name is held in the CSD as the initials followed by the surname, eg. A.B.Smith
The only exceptions to this rule are Chinese names which are held in full, eg. Lin Wen-Feng
In a database entry one name is separated from the next by ,
The variety of names is illustrated in the following list :
A.B.Smith, A.T.McPhail, J.J.MacDougall, D.Mackay, W.Van Riel, M.van Meersche, P.Murray-Rust,C.W.DeBrosse, C.J.O'Connor, Yu.T.Struchkov, Lin Wen-Feng, S.S.Simons Junior, A.J.Arduengo III
The only non-alphabetic characters in the authors' names field are . , - ' and blank
Non-English language diacritical marks are not retained.Thus Müller is stored as Muller.
In searching authors' names the difference between upper- and lower-case is ignored. Thus searches for Smith or SMITH or smith or SmItH are equivalent.
Graphics QUEST3D Procedure
Select *SURNAME from the TEXT sub-menu and respond to the standard text prompts.
Basic QUEST Procedure
T1 *SURN Smith
This will register hits for A.J.Smith P.R.Smith but not for A.B.Smithfield
T1 *SURN Karle QUES T1.AND.T1
This will register hits for entries where the surname Karle occurs twice.
QUEST "remembers" CSD text which has been hit by a text search test. This ensures that text can be hit only once.
T4 *SURN D'YACHENKO
Since ' is ignored in author name searching hits will be registered for Dyachenko and D'yachenko and Dy'achenko
The database contains some inconsistencies in the spelling of authors' names, especially when transliterated from Russian or Chinese.
This example illustrates that uncertainties in the presence/position of ' in the name can be accommodated.
T2 *SURN O''CONNOR
This will register hits for the surname O'Connor
If the name contains ' and the position of ' is not in doubt then '' must be coded in the search test.
' on its own would be ignored as in the previous example.
When *SURN is incorporated in a search question then QUEST automatically generates query screens by analysing the letter-pairs in the surname.
T1 *SURN KENNARD T2 *SURN RABINOVICH QUES T2.AND.T1
KENNARD contains letter-pairs KE EN NN NA AR RD yielding query screens 222 220 222 238 236 229
RABINOVICH contains letter-pairs RA AB BI IN NO OV VI IC CH yielding query screens 226 220 224 237 223 227 222 226 220
Note the order of tests in the search question.
The longer name (T2) should be tested first since the query screens become more powerful as the length of the text increases.
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Volume 2 Chapter 11 Text Menu *SYNONYM.